The common porcupine is a large, short-legged rodent with up to 30,000 bare-tipped quills (modified hairs) covering the upper parts of the body and the dorsal and lateral surfaces of the tail. We report the discovery of a new species of Coendou (Rodentia, Erethizontidae), here designated Coendou speratus sp. The Cape porcupine (Hystrix africaeaustralis) or South African porcupine, is a species of Old World porcupine native to central and southern Africa. Different trees are chosen for resting than for feeding. Porcupines are usually broken up into two categories -- Old World or New World (Hystricidae or Erethizontidae). A Mexican hairy dwarf porcupine (Sphiggurus mexicanus) photographed at Knoxville Zoo in Tennessee. Fossils dating to the Oligocene Epoch (33.7 million to 23.8 million years ago). Oh, it's also the symbol for the Libertarian Party of Nevada. But, taking inspiration from the spiky rodent, researchers have begun to work on a new type … Photograph by Joel Sartore, National Geographic Photo … They seemingly are intelligent and are able to learn quickly; they have good memories and especially remember being mistreated. The porcupine is one of the most interesting and unusual wildlife species in Minnesota. Porcupines vary in size considerably: Rothschild's porcupine of South America weighs less than a kilogram (2.2 lb); the crested porcupine found in Italy, North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa can grow to well over 27 kg (60 lb). Although the young porcupine suckles for a short time – three to seven weeks – it begins eating vegetation shortly after birth and soon is on its own. It is found in China, India, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam. Old World porcupines inhabit Africa and Asia, while New World porcupines are primarily found in the Americas. Porcupines have tails measuring about eight to ten inches (20-25 cm) and a round body weighing anywhere from 12 to 60 pounds (5-27 kg). Genus Echinoprocta (stump-tailed porcupine) 1 Colombian species. They are nocturnal and monogamous. Thirty million years ago, porcupines traveled across the Atlantic Ocean from Africa to Brazil. Some species can be well over 60 lbs., and over 2.5 ft. long. The Malayan porcupine or Himalayan porcupine (Hystrix brachyura) is a species of rodent in the family Hystricidae. It is of the best quality among all the different grade category of porcupine bezoar stone and hence it is easy difficult to see why it is the most expensive type of porcupine bezoar dates . It inhabits tropical forests at elevations up to 1500 m. The brown hairy dwarf porcupine (Coendou vestitus) is a species of rodent in the family Erethizontidae. Many people consider porcupines to be a nuisance because of the damage they cause to trees and wooden structures. The Mexican hairy dwarf porcupine or Mexican tree porcupine (Coendou mexicanus) is a species of rodent in the family Erethizontidae. © Copyright 2016–2020 Oregon Department of Fish & Wildlife. Contact: odfw.commission@state.or.us Most of them appear to be dark brown to black, however some of the hairs and quills on the backs of porcupines are yellow. Types of Porcupines There are 29 species of porcupine which are separated into two families: old world porcupines (Hystricidae) and new world porcupines (Erethizontidae) each containing three genera. Today, the North American Porcupine happily ranges from Alaska through Canada and into Mexico. Porcupines are mammals. Porcupines do not hibernate and are active throughout the year. The quills are scattered among much … Porcupines weigh about 12 to 35 pounds and are rounded and large. How much of a threat are porcupines to surrounding animals? The tail can be another 8 to 10 inches. The synonyms of this species are Atherurus assamensis (Thomas, 1921), and Atherurus macrourus (Thomas, 1921) subspecies assamensis. They are vegetarians. The stylized porcupine pictured here is one such representation. Porcupine. Many people don’t know much else about them though. When ground dens are not available, porcupines choose trees to rest in. It is known locally as durian or landak. Porcupine. This small porcupine, locally known as coandumirim, is found in the Pernambuco Endemism Centre in the Atlantic coast of northeastern Brazil north of the São Francisco river, one of the most important known biodiversity hotspots. Depending on where you live, it may be illegal to keep some species of porcupines. This porcupine is little known, but is probably arboreal, nocturnal and solitary like its relatives. The thick-spined porcupine (Hystrix crassispinis) is a species of rodent in the family Hystricidae. Cape porcupines are the largest rodents in Africa and also the world's largest porcupines. Their most vulnerable spot is the exposed underfur on their stomachs. Can’t find what you need? It is endemic to the island of Borneo and found in Brunei, ... Orange-​Spined Hairy Dwarf Porcupine​. Visit the ODFW's agency site. Common porcupine. The Bahia porcupine, Coendou insidiosus, is a New World porcupine species in the family... Black Dwarf ​Porcupine​. The brush-tailed porcupine occurs in Benin, Cameroon, Congo, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Togo and Uganda, in tropical rainforest at altitudes up to 3,000 m (9,800 ft). Large, slow-moving rodents, porcupines are found on every continent except Antarctica. However, an encounter between a young inexperienced predator and a porcupine can be a very painful experience. Updated weekly by wildlife biologists throughout the state. They are both very similar in appearance. Porcupines are strict herbivores and virtually all species of trees found within a porcupine’s range are eaten. The animal has long, curved front claws which also aid in climbing. There are three species of porcupines designated as new world: the North American porcupine, the Brazilian porcupine, and the dwarf porcupine. What are the natural predators of porcupines. A fully grown adult weighs in the region of 2 kg (4 lb). The crested porcupine is a terrestrial mammal; they very seldom climb trees, but can swim. Old World Porcupines – Hystricidae They are well known for their dangerous quills that they can come out easily upon contact with the unknown visitor. The quills are arranged in rows across the body, the longest quills are on the rump, the shortest on the face. There are 12 "New World" species in North, Central and South America. That species is the North American porcupine (Erethizon dorsatum), which is also frequently referred to as the common porcupine. Main Phone (503) 947-6000 The wei… When climbing, the porcupine uses the stiff bristles on the undersurface of the tail as support. Density of predators also determines time spent on the ground, because most porcupine predators are non-arboreal species. In Oregon, there is only one, the common porcupine.Â. The Sumatran porcupine (Hystrix sumatrae) is a species of rodent in the family Hystricidae. The Bahia porcupine, Coendou insidiosus, is a New World porcupine species in the family Erethizontidae endemic to the Atlantic Forest of southeastern Brazil. The Old World species have spines that are grouped into clusters, while the New World species have spines that are attached to the skin singly. 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