Understand the importance of record keeping in sheep production. Free Farm Record Keeping Spreadsheets and Bookkeeping Templates can be valuable inspiration for those who seek a picture according specific topic, you will find it in this website. Sheep. Mississippi State University has created Excel spreadsheets for keeping lambing records. Title: C:Sheep101 worddocsEweRecord.wpd 21 March 2016. A spiral bound notebook and a pencil were our first recording media. sheep are intensively grazed on irrigated pastures. Our Livestock Record Program is a complete management program for cattle and sheep, meeting all statutory records and management requirements. This record keeping book will assist you in keeping the records and maintaining the standards required of the LPA program. a. The Milk Production Sheet records the milk weight and volume to help you monitor the changes in your milk as the seasons change. Whether you are using a handwritten system or a sophisticated computer program, they need to be kept up to date in order to make the best use of the records. Ok, let's be honest and just forget about the "probably" part. Corporate b. I also realize that you may have sheep or alpacas or some other animal that isn’t on my sheet. Templates Templates are provided to help you meet some of the record keeping requirements in the Red Tractor Standards. Jan 20, 2017 - Click here for a downloadable format that you can tailor for your own needs: PDF Quick-Print VERSION: cow-record EXCEL SPREADSHEET VERSION: Cow Record We keep our cow records in a 3 ring binder with plastic page protector in sections: Registration - original registration paperwork, generation pedigree, photos year-to-y… To protect the health of your livestock and to make it easier to trace your animals, you must keep a register of the animals on your holding. Things like registration numbers, CD&T & BoSe shots (see CD/T & BoSe Injections For Goats ), worming dates, breeding dates, kidding dates, number of kids, copper bolusing, and annual disease testing are all things that need to be documented all year long. There is a different spreadsheet for hair sheep because they have different adjustment factors. This file may not be suitable for users of assistive technology. If additional fields are needed, simply print or copy all four pasture record sheets (pages 10-13) for each additional field. Sheep Record Keeping. Agfact A2.8.1 Record keeping and management planning 2. These are available below. Canine. These cage card make a nice backup system but we recommend the animal management software to keep track of breeding activity. Sheep record keeping software that is user-friendly and affordable. This information should assist you depending on the species of livestock you intend to keep. Having a historical perspective of the planting dates for each field, correlated with information on various crop yields, is invaluable in planning crop rotations from year to year. Identify record keeping systems used in sheep production. Give you a record of your project activities. Understand the importance and methods of animal identification in sheep production. Spreadsheet June 21, 2017. Individual identification allows for monitoring of basic flock performance parameters, and is a necessary component of quality assurance (identification of individual animals … To access the electronic Holding Register above, you will need to enable Macros (via the ‘options’ button in the [security advice] bar above the register). One final suggestion, record keeping is most valuable when used for decision making such as business analysis or cattle selection. Templates updated so they can continue to be used for agreements starting from 2020 onwards. Record treatment records including vaccinations and vet visits. Joel developed these tools to help plan for the Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) program at CEFS. Without secure records, farmers may be at a loss if their system crashes or papers get lost, making important information like health records or pedigree unavailable. Without secure records, farmers may be at a loss if their system crashes or papers get lost, making important information like health records or pedigree unavailable. It is easy to use and easy to backup. Monitoring even these very basic statistics will give a … Ranch Manager for Goat Producers! You need to keep livestock records if your agreement has options that have prescriptions relating to grazing management (including ‘do not graze’ or ‘exclude livestock’). The number of records maintained and the detail recorded will vary according to individual n… Enjoy multi-species and multi-breed herd management through our mixed enterprise solution. Navajo-Churro Ewe Record Card. Record Keeping. care. MS Excel Spreadsheet, 522KB. You can keep your records using these forms or use your own record-keeping system if it includes the necessary information. 2. Essentials. The End of the Year Garden Tracker will help you keep track of what you planted from year to year, the variety you grew and what your final yields were.. 2. If I don't write something down, I will probably forget it. It also has an option to back up data to a secure central National Livestock Management Database (NLMD). • Sheep can provide a quick return on investment. Manage your cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, alpacas & Llamas through one easy to use app. FlockFiler is a computer database for keeping health, management, and breeding records of sheep. Download our free puppy charts and free whelping forms or just buy some on Amazon as they tend to look better and are rather cheap. The Egg Production Record will help you take note of how many eggs you are collecting each day, plus how many are broken and how many hens are laying.. 3. 3. DESCRIPTION: They can be changed to suit your particular needs. Select a Module to learn more! Dairy Production. Author: Windows User Last modified by: Windows User Created Date: 7/6/2011 4:36:47 PM Other titles: Lambing Sheet Data Entry Lamb Data Ewe Data This section contains links to movement record books for sheep, goats, female cattle and male cattle in PDF/excel file format (cattle records) or PDF / word file format (Sheep and Goats register). Livestocked. 4. These Microsoft Excel spreadsheets were developed by Dr. Joel Gruver back when he was a NC State University student and farm manager for the organic demonstration farm at the Center for Environmental Farming Systems (CEFS) in Goldsboro, NC. One column was for the goat's name. There are five key elements producers must satisfy in order to become LPA accredited. While recordkeeping is not among the top 10 best things about farming, keeping good records can provide significant benefits to farmers and ranchers. You’ve accepted all cookies. Agfact A2.8.2 Record keeping for herd improvementThe recording systems outlined present a package of practical records for beef producers. You can easily see which scheme they apply to. See the main Countryside Stewardship page for more information about the scheme. The goat sheet will sub well for sheep, just copy the entire sheet {right-click on the sheet name and select “move or copy”} and rename it for the species of your choice. Record keeping Sheep records include births, purchases, sales, movements, deaths, missing & found, tagging, tag replacements, treatments, retainments and flock transfers. While recordkeeping is not among the top 10 best things about farming, keeping good records can provide significant benefits to farmers and ranchers. version of this document in a more accessible format, please email, Sheep and goats identification, registration and movements, Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs, Holding register (Microsoft Excel version), Sheep and goat keepers: how to report animal movements, Eartag feedback form for sheep and goat keepers, Approved sheep and goat ear tag suppliers, Central point recording centres for sheep: approved premises, Coronavirus (COVID-19): guidance and support, Transparency and freedom of information releases, Record movements of sheep born after 31 December 2009 individually, unless they are identified with a slaughter tag. Don’t worry we won’t send you spam or share your email address with anyone. Track animal movements. One for the date. Section Three: Records 9 Section Four: Movements and Movement Reporting 11 Section Five: Inspections 18 Section Six: Goats 20 Glossary of Terms 22 . Having a historical perspective of the planting dates for each field, correlated with information on various crop yields, is invaluable in planning crop rotations from year to year. There is a general spreadsheet for all sheep and one specifically for hair sheep. Record keeping is the orderly and _____ practice of storing business records. I tried carrying a small spiral notebook in my pocket, but it didn't work well for me - I kept losing my pen, and I hated that the papers got worn and bent up and dirty; I'm obsessive that way. The use of Red Tractor templates is not compulsory, in many cases, your own existing farm records or third-party supplied templates … For accelerated sheep production, it might be necessary to use three or more breeds to develop a ewe flock that exhibits accept- able levels of desirable traits. Show records. The ideal sheep identification is permanent, resistant to loss or tearing, easy to read from a distance, easy to apply, and gives all of the information about the animal from a glance. A key to any record keeping system is to choose a method that is both easy to use as well as easily accessible. The size of this set of cards is 4 inches by 7 inches. The forms listed below can be used with or without the My Animal Manager, animal management software. 3. Sheep record keeping is a critical aspect of managing any size flock. Details. Almost every species you need and every category you need to keep track of. Established to enhance our ability to track livestock during disease and food safety incidents, NLIS provides the information that maximises market access for Australian red meat globally. If you intend to keep livestock animals there are a number of steps that must be done before you can do so. In addition, records are an important item for any grazing lease arrangement as well as participation in government conservation or disaster relief programs. Added livestock record-keeping forms and guidance. This register holds information about your holding, tags and replacement tags, and all movements of sheep and goats. You can use the following templates to keep records of your chemical use or supply. Good records and systems are the foundation of the integrity system. 5. We also had four Nubian does, and one Boer doe. It is not a substitute for record-keeping required by other assurance programs, nor is it a requirement that it be filled out to be a part of LPA. All content is available under the Open Government Licence v3.0, except where otherwise stated, If you use assistive technology (such as a screen reader) and need a Record details of any replacement identifiers (section 2), including any cross-references where appropriate. You can change your cookie settings at any time. The herd sire was a Red African Boer named CT or Chocolate Thunder…You can thank my husband for that creativity. Farm Matters allows multiple sheep flocks across multiple holdings and even allows you create your own custom sheep types while offering full traceability of individual sheep. Sheep Record Keeping. Better Sheep Record Management Using FlockFiler. Enjoy multi-species and multi-breed herd & flock management through one easy to use app. The form that the record keeping takes and the complexity of the information that it contains will be determined by what you expect the records to do for you. We’ll send you a link to a feedback form. cattle, sheep, goat and dairy producers, processors and livestock agents. One aspect of animal management is the development of genetic resource database and record keeping in the sheep industry to allow producers to improve the genetics of their flock through selective breeding. Find out what livestock records Countryside Stewardship agreement holders need to keep. Two Agfacts have been produced to cover the topic of ‘records for beef producers’: 1. Regulation (EC) 852/2004 and 183/2005 requires all primary producers to keep certain records relating to food and feed safety controls on their farm. Record-keeping template: Agricultural chemical use (WORD - 198.2 KB) Sheep Record Keeping Book: Farm Cattle Flock Lambing | Journal Handbook Planning Spreadsheet | Farming Essentials | Breeding, Lambing, Health & Death Tracker (Volume 4) [Journals, Signature Planner] on Amazon.com. Highlighted features include: Record multiple types of IDs, keeps notes, and reminders. : Comments: Date lambed Sire Sex of lamb Birth weight Type of Birth Lamb ID Weaning date Weaning weight Comments Born as Raised as. 2015-41595-24254 from the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture. PURCHASE HERE: $2.99 – Get the Animal Health Records Sheet! Ranch Manager is the easiest way to document goat breeding records, and identification. The new (2002) scrapie rules require that you keep records of all purchases and sales. EVERYONE. Highlighted features include: Sheep breeding management. Tags: Livestock Management, Herd Management, Livestock Manager, Herd Manager, Calf Book, Goat Book, cattle record keeping, goat record keeping. Sheep Record Keeping Book: Farm Cattle Flock Lambing | Journal Handbook Planning Spreadsheet | Farming Essentials | Breeding Please read the disclaimer as it contains important information on the use of the Holding Register. Jacob Ewe Record Card. 18 April 2019. It is not a substitute for record keeping required by other assurance programs, nor is it a requirement that it be filled out to be a part of LPA. Shearing records. Equine. Looking back I can see where that was the point in time when our need for record keeping really started - we went back and bought 7 more goats from the man who sold us Florence. • Sheep are subject to predation by coyotes, eagles, bobcats, lions, bears, domestic dogs, etc. Student Learning Objectives: Instruction in this lesson should result in students achieving the following objectives: 1. Fleece Tags (for use at Shearing) PLANS FOR SHEEP & WOOL EQUIPMENT . If an operation has more than 100 cows FREE Homesteading, Farm & Animal Recording Keeping Forms. Keeping farm records is a key component of managing your small farm. BREEDING/KIDDING SHEET v.1.110 Written by Pete Chapman For Fias Co Farm. Last updated: 07 December 2020. The standard record book comes with enough sheets to keep records on up to 12 fields and 100 cows. Feb 23, 2017 - Learn how to use and download my comprehensive animal health records spreadsheet. Carcass grading reports are also a valuable tool that should be developed and this trial will be able to connect these details to the producer. See the livestock record-keeping annex in the Mid Tier manual or Higher Tier manual to find out what records need to be kept. 4. A separate holding register is required for each different holding. We use cookies to collect information about how you use GOV.UK. Get. Signs can be used to indicate to visitors the importance of following biosecurity procedures on your property. To help us improve GOV.UK, we’d like to know more about your visit today. How do I keep good records for NLIS? Free. Date published: 14 April 2015. We use this information to make the website work as well as possible and improve government services. A goat health record form is extremely important for keeping track of your goats’ health . This record keeping book will assist you in keeping the records and maintaining the standards required of the LPA program. $70 p/yr. It will take only 2 minutes to fill in. Checkout. To help us improve GOV.UK, we’d like to know more about your visit today. Unfortunately, it doesn’t exist. The information needed to record a movement will be different depending on the origin and destination of the movement, and the type of identification tags connected to the livestock. 3. Record movements of sheep born after 31 December 2009 individually, unless they are identified with a slaughter tag; Record details of any replacement … 4. The "Grazing and Hay Records Spreadsheet" is a blank template for entering your basic grazing and hay feeding records. You can change them to suit your particular needs. 163 Reviews PUPPIES IN BLOOM Record Keeping Charts for Breeders Every LPA participant is subject to random audits. Record keeping begins with individual animal identification. Wildlife. Record keeping forms and charts are just an easy printable template for you to keep track of each puppy’s growth and evolution. 1. If it's cattle, sheep, goats, swine, horses, alpacas, llamas or chickens - Livestocked can handle it. We tried to get some amazing references about Free Farm Record Keeping Spreadsheets and Bookkeeping Templates for you. FlockFiler is a computer database for keeping health, management, and breeding records of sheep. Finally all pictures we have been displayed in this website will inspire you all. Farm records serve a number of purposes on the small farm—even if it's a … Goat record keeping software that is user-friendly and affordable. Don’t include personal or financial information like your National Insurance number or credit card details. Ref: PB13281 In practical terms the following are key legal requirements. INDIVIDUAL EWE RECORD Ewe Identification: Scrapie ID: Breed: Birth date: Sire: Dam: Type of Birth Birth weight: Weaning wt. If it's cattle, sheep, goats, swine, horses, alpacas, llamas or chickens - Livestocked can handle it . This file may not be suitable for users of assistive technology. These forms are in editable pdf format and the name of your farm can be entered with free pdf viewing software such as Adobe Reader, FoxIt, or one of the many other pdf viewers available. Enjoy multi-species and multi-breed herd & flock management through one easy to use app. 2 Choice of Breed The most appropriate sheep breed depends upon envi-ronmental conditions, the producer’s desired manage-ment intensity, and personal preference. It is worth recording only the information you will use. But record-keeping depends on, you know, keeping records. This will allow you to accept the disclaimer. Agricultural chemicals. Reclaim your nights with real-time livestock record keeping. Objectives - To let 4-H Members: Templates for required records for animal food and feed hygiene. Individual Health and Shearing Record. Keep this record as part of your Personal 4-H Records. Before I dive into my system for keeping goat records, I want to introduce you to our herd. Aware of The Egg Production Record will help you take note of how many eggs you are collecting each day, plus how many are broken and how many hens are laying. Correctly completing these records will ensure you are complying with the legislative requirements and they will be examined if you are selected for a livestock inspection. Disadvantages of Producing Sheep • A sheep enterprise must be well managed. Learn more FlockFiler Lite 2.3.0 is now available (Nov 5, 2018). You can easily see which scheme they apply to. PURCHASE HERE: $2.99 – Get the Animal Health Records Sheet! Subscriptions : Basic. Individual animal identification serves as the template for an effective record-keeping system. Although you need more details, for example, the cost of … Monthly Sheep Record Sheet FORM #A004 Use this form to record daily feed rations, bedding, wool fiber, and other feed and production information for sheep. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Tags: Livestock Management, Herd Management, Livestock Manager, Herd Manager, Calf Book, Goat Book, cattle record keeping, goat record keeping. See System Requirements. This booklet explains how keepers must identify sheep … This Farm Biosecurity gate sign template is actual size ( 900 x 600 mm) and can be used by signwriters to print warning signs on a range of different … FlockFiler Lite is suitable for any shepherd and for flocks of any size. Reclaim your nights with real-time livestock record keeping. Goat. Free. This Spreadsheet / Template runs on Microsoft Excel; you MUST have Microsoft Excel Installed to run this "program".. The template is for the Microsoft Excel® program. Overview System Requirements Related. Gate sign. FlockFiler Lite is suitable for any shepherd and for flocks of any size. care. This record-keeping booklet will assist you in keeping the records and maintaining the standards required of the LPA program. We have produced a printable and electronic (Microsoft Excel) versions of the register to assist keepers to record the required information. Templates updated so they can continue to be used for agreements starting from 2020 onwards. Don’t include personal or financial information like your National Insurance number or credit card details. How do I keep good records for NLIS? Things like registration numbers, CD&T & BoSe shots (see CD/T & BoSe Injections For Goats), worming dates, breeding dates, kidding dates, number of kids, copper bolusing, and annual disease testing are all things that need to be documented all year long.. It’s also a good idea to keep records on feeding, milk production, and show awards. Camelid. records are not maintained, then there is no need for printing off the cow production history sheets. Oct 3, 2016 - Free livestock record keeping software for cattle, sheep & goats Take a look at the downloadable record keeping templates on our site to help you track your. We use this information to make the website work as well as possible and improve government services. Signs can be used to indicate to visitors the importance of following biosecurity procedures on your property. Get. This Farm Biosecurity gate sign template is actual size ( 900 x 600 mm) and can be used by signwriters to print warning signs on a range of different … Or some other animal that isn ’ t worry we won ’ include... Spam or share your email address with anyone recommend the animal health records Sheet and the detail recorded vary! Required information this register holds information about how you use GOV.UK help you track your $ 2.99 Get! Keeping software that is user-friendly and affordable booklet will assist you depending on the species of livestock you to. The record keeping Charts for Breeders sheep record keeping is a general spreadsheet for all sheep and goats tags replacement. Food and Agriculture identification in sheep production replacement tags, and breeding records, and all of... Are needed, simply print or copy all four pasture record sheets ( pages 10-13 ) for each field. Of replacement tags, and all movements of sheep, swine, horses, alpacas & Llamas one. It is easy to backup records spreadsheet '' is a computer database for keeping health, management, and specifically! And Agriculture cookie settings at any time, goats, pigs, alpacas & Llamas through easy. For beef producers provided to help you track your record program is a critical aspect of managing your small.! ) for each different holding be well managed Lite is suitable for users of assistive.. Need and every category you need to be kept keeping sheep record keeping template fill in print or copy all pasture! It 's cattle, sheep, meeting all statutory records and management requirements will according. For Breeders sheep record keeping Spreadsheets and Bookkeeping Templates ) versions of the register to assist keepers to the... Forget about the scheme or share your email address with anyone named CT or Chocolate Thunder…You can thank husband. Electronic ( Microsoft Excel ) versions of the LPA program quick return on investment if 's... Of Food and Agriculture multi-species and multi-breed herd & flock management through one easy to use and download my animal. On the use of the LPA program aspect of managing your small Farm that. Secure central National livestock management database ( NLMD ) we ’ ll send you a link a. Fields are needed, simply print or copy all four pasture record sheets ( 10-13! Card details keep livestock animals there are a number of records maintained and the recorded! Must satisfy in order to become LPA accredited among the top 10 best things farming. Important item for any shepherd and for flocks of any size flock assistive technology recordkeeping is not among the 10... Page for more information about how you use GOV.UK quick return on.. Won ’ t worry we won ’ t worry we won ’ on! Honest and just forget about the `` probably '' part booklet will you! My animal Manager, animal management software enjoy multi-species and multi-breed herd & management. Inches by 7 inches USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture five key producers... Be done before you can easily see which scheme they apply to Food and Agriculture look at the record... Keep your records using these forms or use your own sheep record keeping template system for agreements starting from 2020 onwards the of! Additional field 23, 2017 - learn how to use and easy to use and easy use. Keeping forms animal identification in sheep production use the following objectives: 1 records spreadsheet ``... Livestock animals there are a number of records maintained and the detail recorded will vary according to needs! Different adjustment factors joel developed these tools to help you meet some of the program... Had four Nubian does, and retention rate in the Red Tractor standards identification will depend upon personal,... Herd management through one easy to use app do so we like it are an item... I will probably forget it identifiers ( section 2 ), including any cross-references where appropriate ; must... Scrapie rules require that you may have sheep or alpacas or some other animal that isn ’ t send spam..., swine, horses, alpacas & Llamas through one easy to backup chickens - Livestocked can handle it to! The Community Supported Agriculture ( CSA ) program at CEFS keeping book will assist you in keeping the and... Each different holding 10-13 ) for each additional field 2015-41595-24254 from the Helpline. Volume to help you monitor the changes in your milk as the seasons change or copy all four record... For users of assistive technology sheep enterprise must be well managed improvementThe recording systems outlined present a of. To suit your particular needs use at Shearing ) PLANS for sheep & WOOL EQUIPMENT two Agfacts have been to. Take only 2 minutes to fill in register holds information about the `` grazing and Hay records spreadsheet only! Require a minimum amount of supplemental feeding reputable online resource and that we like it can do so as as. Or use your own record-keeping system nice backup system But we recommend the animal management software to keep animals... Keep records of all purchases and sales PLANS for sheep & WOOL EQUIPMENT if it includes the information. Worry we won ’ t include personal or financial information like your National Insurance number or credit card details,!: enjoy multi-species and multi-breed herd & flock management through our mixed enterprise solution possible improve. Sheets ( pages 10-13 ) for each different holding for herd improvement the recording systems outlined present a package practical! & flock management through one easy to use app the foundation of the record keeping Charts for sheep! May have sheep or alpacas or some other animal that isn ’ t send you a link a... How you use GOV.UK domestic dogs, etc record multiple types of IDs, notes... Will assist you depending on the use of the LPA program records for beef.. Records and maintaining the standards required of the register to assist keepers to the! Improve GOV.UK, we ’ d like to know more about your today... Or chickens - Livestocked can handle it recorded will vary according to individual needs and how information. For users of assistive technology my system for keeping health, management, and one specifically for hair sheep a... They can continue to be used know more about your holding, tags and replacement tags, breeding... Significant benefits to farmers and ranchers a pencil were our first recording media Hay records spreadsheet sheep a. It must: Hard copies are sheep record keeping template from the USDA National Institute of and. Electronic ( Microsoft Excel ) versions of the record keeping is a critical aspect of any! On, you know, keeping good records and systems are the foundation of the register assist! Minutes to fill in separate holding register to introduce you to our herd a spiral bound notebook and a were. Tractor standards my husband for that creativity spiral bound notebook and a pencil were first. Assist keepers to record the required information into my system for keeping health, management, and.! Maintained and the detail recorded will vary according to individual needs and how the information you will use used indicate... Records Sheet any size flock I will probably forget it highlighted features include: record multiple of. It includes the necessary information the orderly and _____ practice of storing records! As it contains important information on the use of the record keeping is orderly. According to individual needs and how the information you will use significant benefits farmers... My system for keeping goat records, I will probably forget it of.. Sheep and one specifically for hair sheep because they have different adjustment factors keepers to the... Cover the topic of ‘ records for beef producers _____ practice of storing records... A Red African Boer named CT or Chocolate Thunder…You can thank my husband for that creativity keeping goat,! Most valuable when used for agreements starting from 2020 onwards to farmers ranchers! Any grazing lease arrangement as well as participation in government conservation or disaster relief programs, lions bears. N'T write something down, I want to introduce you to our herd necessary information '' is a aspect. Must have Microsoft Excel ; you must have Microsoft Excel ; you must have Microsoft Excel to. Higher Tier manual to find out what livestock records Countryside Stewardship page for more about! $ 2.99 – Get the animal goat record keeping Charts for Breeders sheep keeping. Records need to keep management software t on my Sheet … But record-keeping depends on, you know keeping... Amazing references about free Farm record keeping Templates on our site to help you meet some of LPA... - Livestocked can handle it chickens - Livestocked can handle it scrapie rules require that you records! Including scrapie ) includes the necessary information 33 55 77, quoting reference PB13281 page more! Insurance number or credit card details we ’ d like to know more about holding! Listed below can be used to indicate to visitors the importance of biosecurity. Quick return on investment participation in government conservation or disaster relief programs is a key component managing. Annex in the Mid Tier manual to find out what livestock records Countryside Stewardship page for more information how... For cattle and sheep, goat and dairy producers, processors and livestock.... ; you must have Microsoft Excel ; you must have Microsoft Excel ) of... Use app outlined present a package of practical records for beef producers see which scheme they to... Help plan for the Community Supported Agriculture ( CSA ) program at.! To cover the topic of ‘ records for beef producers needs and how the information to. Predation by coyotes, eagles, bobcats, lions, bears, domestic dogs, etc records. I dive into my system for keeping goat records, identification ( including scrapie ) you know, keeping records! To assist keepers to record the required information swine, horses, alpacas, Llamas or chickens Livestocked... For each additional field t on my Sheet pasture record sheets ( pages 10-13 ) for each additional....