Its deepest well is nearly 2,500 feet deep. Through a company called Red Lake Ventures, the company owns 16,000 acres, though it is now farming only a fraction of that. In spite of an ongoing drought and scorching temperatures, Western farmers continue to produce food, while also cutting their water use. “They really couldn’t make any money growing alfalfa,” he said. “The family has the room to sell some land to cut some operation back. Cobb, the Kingman legislator, said she expects large industrial farms to make profits and pull up stakes after all the water is used up. Cobb wants to change that and have the state approve an emergency “irrigation non expansion” area for Kingman to limit any new agricultural wells from being drilled. Al Dahra said some of its crops are sold in the United States and others are exported. Rose said the company has spent $152 million in Arizona and employs 178 people. His wife, Trixie Skousen, said she fully expects their corporate neighbors will squeeze what they can out of their investments and then leave once there is no more money to be made. He said the company has reduced water usage by 25 percent since it purchased the land. As long as you get a permit, you can drill a well of any size for any purpose as long as it’s for a beneficial use. Use It or Lose It Laws Worsen Western U.S. Water Woes. Mary Goodman lives to the southwest of Al Dahra’s fields in Wenden that are rented from IFC. “The threat is constantly going to be there,” Watson said. The state Department of Water Resources has already rejected this, effectively saying pumping hasn't drained enough water out of the aquifer to meet the standards to create a new INA. All she has managed to get is a study of groundwater conditions in Mohave and La Paz counties. Grass strips alongside streams, like this one in the Lac qui Parle River watershed of Minnesota, can help to reduce fertilizer runoff from fields. The new Turkey Creek farm has 14,000 “calf-huts” that look like large dog houses and are used to house calves that are immediately taken from their mothers after birth. It would be the fourth INA created under the state's groundwater management act. It defines what streams or wetlands are considered waters of the U.S., and thus covered by the Clean Water Act. Access to the farm is strictly limited, with visitors required to go through security. Rose said that agriculture has always been a global industry and the percentage of alfalfa grown in Arizona that is not exported somewhere outside of the state is minuscule. Cotton is a desert plant that is water efficient and suits Australia’s climate. “We must look at ways to make sure the expansion of agriculture is not going to be so fast it just depletes our aquifers.”. Life insurance issued by Farmers New World Life Insurance Company, a Washington domestic company: 3120 139 th Ave. “The farms started leveling all the land, and it was very alarming to a huge number of us who were really appalled at the size of these projects.”. The company also leases property in Butler Valley, she said. If the property value appreciates, both parties can make even more, he said. At the peak, Rhodes owned about 34,000 acres and had shocked the community into creating plans to try to conserve its water. "The company is fully committed to Arizona and plans to remain here for the long-term. "And in some years, annual farmers who grow rice or cotton can make a lot more money leasing their water to people with permanent crops, and they can go on a holiday for a year." Tackett-Hicks touted the water-saving technology on the property, including double drip line irrigation with emitter clips to save water, along with moisture sensors throughout the property to determine the best times to water. Sludge is also an effective soil conditioner, as it is a good source of organic matter. Farmers with a water licence can use the water they extract to grow whatever they like. Farmers already use too much water due to its underpricing, so any additional policies that lead to more water use would compound this market failure. Then the big date farms came in and then also left. Environmental coverage on azcentral.com and in The Arizona Republic is supported by a grant from the Nina Mason Pulliam Charitable Trust. Water rights are property rights, but their holders do not own the water itself. Many landowners don't know that they need a legal water right to use surface water and groundwater for irrigation. “This is a major, major deal for this county," said Claire Miller, who lives near several farms. Two of the biggest such companies are International Farming Corporation, known as IFC, an asset manager based in North Carolina, and Integrated Ag, a private equity fund headquartered in Scottsdale. Rob O'Dell and Ian James, The Republic | azcentral.com, Bruce Babbitt, the former Arizona governor, Your California Privacy Rights/Privacy Policy. But you can export virtual water.”. Some can draw water from nearly half a mile below ground. Mark Skousen, who runs a second-generation family farm in Hyder, is concerned about the surge of well-drilling since Integrated Ag and IFC arrived in the valley. Al Dahra said it has about 170 employees in Arizona. Farms consume about 80 percent of the state’s water supply, and use it to grow half of the fruits and veggies that are produced in the United States. “You can do that with what you generate as a product of the water,” Glotfelty said. The company would only respond to questions in writing and didn't answer many of The Republic's questions. Throughout much of history, farmers have relied on draft animals to perform much of the heavy labor in the fields. All have at least one thing in common: They take as much water as they want, with no limits. The way environmentalist Craig Cox sees it, streams and rivers across much of the country are suffering from the side effects of growing our food. As it's pumped out, the scant rain that falls on the desert isn't enough to recoup the losses. “If the damn state, pardon my French, and the county do not stop handing out commercial well permits like your Christmas candy, us homeowners are going to be screwed,” she said. It is one step but much more progress is needed. Cobb has been trying to pass water legislation for five years. A release by the Arab News added the kicker: “This transaction forms part of Almarai’s continuous effort to supply the highest quality alfalfa hay from outside the Kingdom to support its dairy business. Alfalfa is the thirstiest crop grown in western Colorado, consuming as much as 3 acre-feet of water per acre of crop each year. With farmers applying less water thanks to conservation efforts, “they’ll be recharging less groundwater,” Runsten explained, “which means that we’ll have to do that consciously.” That may mean selectively flooding fields with surface water during the winter or in wet years, allowing more to filter down into the underground reservoirs. "It's the biggest water grab in Australia's history," one farmer in the ABC program said. And the large corporate farms are all new arrivals, coming to Arizona since 2012. Use this publication as a guide to figure your taxes and complete your farm tax return. “The term I heard a lot of years ago was virtual water,” said Marvin Glotfelty, a groundwater expert and consultant. Top 10 Common Law Drainage Problems Between Rural Neighbours They possess the right to use it. “These aren’t local farmers. It can be caused by not receiving rain or snow over a period of time. They are just projections. "It's a horrible, horrible rule," he said. IFC announced last year that it was seeking to raise $1.5 billion in capital to buy large farm properties and lease them out to tenants. Even though the water runs through your property, it doesn’t belong to you; it belongs to everyone in Oregon. These emerald green circles can easily be seen from above or in satellite images. But these massive irrigation systems don’t sit astride deep green circles of alfalfa. Peacock was more open than other farms in sharing information. "It has been pretty much a free-for-all," Wulf said. And we could farm less,” he said. Agriculture easily qualifies, even if the crops are shipped out of state for profit. Follow The Republic environmental reporting team at environment.azcentral.com and @azcenvironment on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram. Years ago investors bought land and planted jojoba, an ingredient in many skin lotions, shampoos and lipsticks. “These funds are buying up farm ground,” Hancock said, adding that farm real estate is seen as a good investment. Almonds and alfalfa (cattle feed) use … Jarad Klein, the bill's sponsor, denies that he's trying to get rid of the water works because of that lawsuit; he says he has heard a variety of concerns about the utility's management. The company said it uses state-of-the-art water systems, including "sub-surface drip irrigation" and soil moisture probes that help pinpoint the amount of water applied to crops. Categories of water use The Act, under section 21, makes provision for 11 categories of water use, of which the following three are directly applicable to the farmer and important to a valuer: Taking water from a source This registration shows the actual water in cubic metres per annum that the user can take from a source to use for irrigation. Mohave County Supervisor Gary Watson said Rhodes and other investors essentially bought up most of the private properties they could in the Red Lake area to get the water underneath them. Al Dahra sells hay in the U.S. and exports to countries across Asia and the Middle East. Natural Watercourses 3. There's stories about people getting sick.". “It varies between 4.5 and 6 miles per gallon, depending on the load, and whether they have very many hills to climb,” he said. A group of California farmers did the unexpected this year: They beat their water conservation goals. She said this is why she is “obsessed” with doing something about out-of-state agribusiness using up Arizona’s precious resources to profit. Cotton is the crop of choice as it gives growers the best return per megalitre of water. I told the farmer, when addressing his ego, that at his age he had a chance to retire by cutting back and getting rid of debt. She had driven up the dusty rural road to store a bighorn sheep she killed on a hunt. These pumps can supply water around the farm from a reliable source, either dam or bore without any requirement for wind. So it’s just scary. "All of a sudden, farmers go from farming fields and land that they have always farmed, to farming in 'waters of the U.S.,' " he says. The drill allows farmers to plant the seeds in well-spaced rows, at specific depths, and at a specific rate. Together the company plans to manage 150,000 cattle on both properties, said spokesman Kevin Wulf. “Fondomonte being a foreign company that is here taking our water, that doesn't rub well … with the residents that are out here,” said Holly Irwin, the La Paz County supervisor who represents the area. Riverview offered to contribute money toward a new water system being proposed for the residents close to its farm, Wulf said. Small Drinking Water Systems. Large open-sided metal structures house thousands of stacks of hay and there are more structures than one can count. “From the get-go they wanted to do things right,” Tackett-Hicks said. "We were taking an already approved project that had failed and we're using the water for ag purposes now," Tackett-Hicks said. A state study found that in 2016, that deficit had increased to 37,600 acre-feet — enough water to supply about 113,000 average single-family households in Phoenix for a year. Water troughs with low usage need to be flushed out periodically as evaporation will lead to a … In Iowa, meanwhile, the water utility for the city of Des Moines is facing a threat to its existence because it picked a regulatory fight with the state's farmers. They say that cooperative, voluntary programs will achieve more than regulation. He said the companies buy the farms with investors' money and rent it out, with the hope of keeping 5% for the company and returning about 5% to investors. Returning to the area 10 months later, she was shocked that the high desert landscape of creosote and cholla was now a 850-acre pistachio farm where more than 125,000 saplings had been planted. Wulf said the dairy would like to be a part of the water solution in Willcox and is supportive of water regulation in Arizona, though he couldn't say the exact rules he wants enacted. It owns and leases enough land to cultivate as much as 44,000 tons of hay per year. One well is about to give out, and she’s not sure how long their remaining well will last. Groundwater studies by state and federal scientists have shown a dramatic increase in pumping since the agricultural businesses arrived. “They are just going to suck it dry and then be gone.”. Skousen estimated more than 30 wells have been drilled recently, adding, “nothing is protecting our water.”, “I think if they turned all those 30 wells on, our water table would drop, and our water would be expensive, and we would have less water. The Clean Water Act, which has cleaned up pollution from factories over the past 40 years, specifically exempts what it calls "normal farming practices" like plowing or maintaining drainage ditches. Started in 2014 with the purchase of the Faria Dairy on Kansas Settlement Road south of Willcox, it is building a huge expansion to the southeast called Turkey Creek Dairy. Statewide, average water use is roughly 50% environmental, 40% agricultural, and 10% urban, although the percentage of water use by sector varies dramatically across regions and between wet and dry years. Oregon’s water resources are publicly owned, and in great demand. “If you look straight down these rows it goes back as far as the eye can see,” Cobb said. Almarai’s subsidiary, Fondomonte, owns much of the land east of Vicksburg Road to the mountains separating Vicksburg from Salome. "New crops that are less water-intensive and higher value such as hemp and baby potatoes are being produced," the company said in an emailed statement. Why are crops like cotton grown in Australia? All have at least one thing in common: They take as much water as they want, with no limits. Across the Midwest, he says, nitrate-filled water from farm fields is making drinking water less safe. Practices that farmers use on their farms might include no-till, putting fences around streams, planting cover crops, collecting water runoff, and integrating crop and pasture rotations. Some farmers do this; many do not. “It boggles the mind how many trees are out here.”. The operation was set up quickly. They can send the water from underground drainage pipes into wetlands rather than straight into streams. "We could and should argue about ... what should be on that list," he says. Nearby residents are calling for the state to stop issuing well permits because their wells are going dry. Cox, though, says the time has come to lay out a list of things that farmers are required to do to protect the environment. They can plant wide, grassy "filter strips" along stream banks. Two years ago, the utility sued several nearby counties, demanding that they reduce nitrate levels in the water that flows from farm drainage systems into the Racoon River, which supplies drinking water to Des Moines. Farms from Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates doing just that have angered residents in the La Paz County communities of Vicksburg, Salome and Wenden. These are farmers from outside our area coming in and utilizing our resources,” Cobb said. MN Pollution Control Agency/Flickr “They know there’s enough water.”. With no power lines to the area, the company had to use diesel generators. I want to sell, that’s it.”. While Fondomonte’s operation "only makes up less than 3 percent of Arizona’s total alfalfa production, it is really meaningful for the company and the millions of people who rely on their dairy products," Rose wrote. Farmers must be especially intuitive when rainfall levels do not meet the desired or necessary quota for a particular season. The Arizona Republic identified major agricultural water users through interviews with residents, growers and public officials across the state, through property records and well data. The same is true for groundwater in aquifers deep in the soil. It also includes plantations, ranches, ranges, and orchards and groves. “In the 40 years we’ve been out here there’s been a cycle of that.”, Al Dahra ACX is part of Al Dahra Holding, which is based in the United Arab Emirates, and the company says it is “the No. The state doesn't require meters on wells in rural Arizona, so nobody is tracking how many gallons are pumped out. In a pilot study, growers using the California Irrigation Management Information System (CIMIS) reduced their water use by 13 percent while increasing their yields by 8 percent. Farmers can take simple steps to reduce the problems dramatically. 1. But the groundwater the company pumped out is gone and won’t be coming back. SE, Ste. By analyzing more than 250,000 well-drilling records, more than 30,000 well-depth records and property records in 10 Arizona counties, The Republic compiled a list of large out-of-state companies that could be — or have been — some of the largest water takers in the state. For instance, farm groups campaigned against the Clean Water Rule, issued by the Obama administration. Bill Stowe isn't buying Klein's explanation. Grass strips alongside streams, like this one in the Lac qui Parle River watershed of Minnesota, can help to reduce fertilizer runoff from fields. Wulf declined to say how much water is used annually. Many farm groups say they are working hard to reduce pollution caused by runoff from farms. Integrated Ag was created in 2012 and is headquartered in Scottsdale. Iowa's farm organizations have attacked the lawsuit. How is this possible? A farm includes livestock, dairy, poultry, fish, fruit, and truck farms. But Al Dahra said its Hualapai Valley Farm no longer grows alfalfa. “They look at it as, you know, how come we're not doing anything here to prevent the foreign companies that are coming in here and utilizing our water shipping their products back to foreign countries.”. "This is clearly aimed at chilling our litigation and sending a message to others that no one dare speak against industrial agriculture in this state," he says. It is impossible to know how much water large farms are taking. She said concerns about water use are overblown because the property had already been approved by Mohave County for a housing project and was given a 100-year assured water supply of 13,000 acre-feet annually by the state. “Some of the larger farmers want pusher-axle trucks so they can haul as much weight as possible,” he said. Farmers New World Life is not licensed and does not solicit or sell in the state of New York. And the wells drilled could always be used by the next owner. Several companies behind the project went bankrupt and the pivots were left in the desert to rust. A federal study showed that in 2011 groundwater pumping in the Hualapai Basin surrounding Kingman exceeded the rate of recharge by 5,600 acre-feet annually. She said the companies didn’t invest millions of dollars into the area “in order to fail.”, “They don’t intend to ever leave,” Judd said. His arrival in 2012 triggered Mohave County’s concerns about its dwindling groundwater. Rhodes, who once hoped to build tens of thousands of new homes in parts of Mohave County, began blading desert, drilling wells and installing center pivots to farm hay and other crops for export. The company also owns land in Pinal County. Surface water source would invoke other Non Drinking Water regulations. On the way out to the dry Red Lake, where the dirt is so red it once stood in for the surface of Mars in a Hollywood movie, there is a peculiar sight. That's by law. You think you’re set here for life. “It’s not legal to export groundwater or surface water out of the state. There are things that can be done to help farmers reduce water use. The giant silver center pivot systems can be hard to spot from the road amid the scrub desert. In Arizona, Al Dahra operates in three of the corporate agricultural hotspots — it leases about 3,000 acres in Wenden from IFC and an estimated 2,000 acres in Hyder, and it owns what was once a massive farm north of Kingman in the Red Lake area. Bill Stowe, CEO of the Des Moines Water Works, says that "we're trying to regulate what comes out of the underground drainage systems beneath farm fields and empties into the waters of the state.". Yet the people responsible for that pollution, America's farmers, are fighting any hint of regulation to prevent it. It takes about 26 gallons of water to produce one ear of corn while it takes about 2000-2500 gallons of water … The negatives are it can contain potentially toxic elements (PTEs) which are a risk to human, plant and animal health. That's what the law says. IFC came into La Paz County in 2012 when it outbid several other firms to buy nearly 13,000 acres from the city of Phoenix for $30 million during the last economic downturn. "Water resources in Arizona must be managed wisely in order to preserve our quality of life and to protect the state’s economic health," Al Dahra said. And there's no law making it mandatory. Don Parrish, senior director of congressional relations for the American Farm Bureau Federation, says the rule's definition is much too broad. They also have the capacity to pump water to considerable heights. 1 forage exporter in the United States.”. “There’s no protection for this valley for water,” Goodman said. Now a member of the Iowa Legislature — and full-time farmer — has introduced a bill that would abolish the Des Moines Water Works. Because the farmer was worried about what the neighbors would think of him having to sell out due to financial loss, Jensen suggested couching the scenario as a retirement sale. It is the soil that absorbs, transmits and holds the water for crops to use and there is much a farmer can do to manipulate the nature of soil, and is especially helpful if the soil quality is compromised. Some of the water used by each of these sectors returns to rivers and groundwater basins where it can be used again. Peacock Nuts is one of seven corporate farms identified by The Arizona Republic as major agricultural groundwater users in Arizona. La Paz County residents read that as: They want to conserve their resources by using ours. The company also runs three hay pressing facilities in Arizona, California and Washington. It produces alfalfa, Sudan grass, and other types of hay on about 30,000 acres in the U.S., including farmlands in Arizona as well as California’s Palo Verde and Imperial valleys. Many insurance companies use the P P C rating and the distance your home is from the nearest legally responding fire department to determine whether they will insure your home and how much to charge. Growing crops that are appropriate to the region’s climate is another way … Though not all of that land is irrigated, if it were, it would equal nearly 15 percent of the harvested cropland in Arizona, as tallied by the U.S. Department of Agriculture. That’s brought companies from California, Las Vegas, Minnesota, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates to rural areas throughout the state seeking to exploit Arizona’s underground resource. Livestock. Now she sees some of the alfalfa farms struggling. She already had to replace one well on her property. The rush to drill has also brought in investment firms that prepare the land for farming, drill wells and either rent out the land or sell it. "We chose this area because of its great growing conditions and abundant sustainable water.". Peacock Nuts LLC is a huge consortium of interests that includes Duarte Farms, which calls itself the largest permanent crops nursery in the United States, a farmer from Las Vegas and several U.S. investors who live abroad. It owns an estimated 9,200 acres in both Yuma and Maricopa counties around Hyder, one of Arizona’s new frontiers for industrial farming operations. He'd start with those grassy buffer strips along streams. It is also in line with the Saudi government direction toward conserving local resources.”. Residents in Vicksburg were enraged when a giant Saudi conglomerate named Almarai announced it was acquiring nearly 10,000 acres in La Paz County to grow hay to ship back to Saudi Arabia to feeds its cows. The state of Minnesota is taking the lead in establishing water rules: Starting this fall, the state's farmers will be required to maintain a strip of grass, an average of 50 feet wide, along many of the state's streams. Along each row of waist-high saplings, long black irrigation tubes stretched out to connect the seemingly endless trees and nourish them with water. The last time Regina Cobb traveled east of the Kingman airport toward the Peacock Mountains, the area was mostly unspoiled desert where cattle grazed on the sparse Mojave Desert vegetation.Â. The company is the fifth largest employer in La Paz County, Rose said, and 102 of its employees live in company housing. The farms scaled back operations because of the expense of getting the water out, Watson said. They use different strategies to protect themselves financially from unpredictable changes in the markets. "I can't look out into the future. The pivots were once the property of Kingman Farms, an entity owned by Las Vegas housing developer Jim Rhodes. ProPublica's “Killing the Colorado” series examines a 139-year-old water law that pushes ranchers to use as much water as they … She’s seen new industrial wells appear off of Highway 60, along with two large irrigation ponds, which they’ve heard can hold 25 million gallons each. “We don’t have the rules in place to prevent that from happening.”. Driving Stockton Hill Road north out of Kingman, the road drops down to the desert floor. Many farmers also need water to engage in the cultivation of livestock and other animals. Well monitoring data is limited by voluntary participation and infrequent readings. "Has sort of a nice name, but everything else is bad.". But well drilling records show these farms own more than 700 wells and collectively have drilled more than 200 wells deeper than 1,000 feet, allowing them to draw down aquifers more quickly and dry up shallower wells. Vegetable Landscaping. "The point is, there needs to be a list.". As elected officials fail to act, large farms continue to flee regulation elsewhere and find land and free groundwater in rural Arizona. But that won’t stop the pumping of the aquifer. PTEs include elements such as zinc, cadmium, mercury, chro… With more than 37,000 acres in the Willcox area, Riverview LLP, a Minnesota dairy, may be the largest corporate farmer in the state and the farm with the most wells. Peacock Nuts, a consortium that includes the largest permanent crop nursery in the United States, has even bigger plans: 4,500 acres and as many as 650,000 pistachio trees. Duarte is managing the farming and provided all the pistachio trees, she said. The huts are arranged in rows that are longer than football fields. The bill could pass the Legislature this spring. The company did not answer other detailed questions about its wells and how much water it uses. In February, the firm said in an SEC filing that it had raised $404 million so far. Riverview produces the majority of the food for its cattle on its properties, growing wheat, silage corn and alfalfa. Crop … “You almost feel helpless because we can’t get anything passed legislatively,” Cobb said, because legislators are scared regulation in one area will spread to other areas. Hay prices were high when Rhodes started his project but five years later the prices had dropped. Drought-Tolerant Crops. This publication explains how the federal tax laws apply to farming. The bill would replace the water works with a regional water authority, which might drop the lawsuit. In Kingman, as in most of rural Arizona, there are no rules on groundwater pumping. "There could be some things to be gained by having water regulated across the state. The company turns inefficient flood-irrigated farmland into highly productive farmland with highly efficient irrigation systems that use 20 percent to 50 percent less water, he said. Kingman Mayor Jen Miles said orchard crops like pistachios also use much less water than alfalfa, which was planted on other farms north of Kingman. Various techniques farmers may consider include conservation tillage, using … Still, despite these benefits, farmers use CIMIS data on only 5 percent of irrigated cropland in California, the U.S.’s leading agricultural state. Today 50,000 fewer gallons of water are needed to grow an acre of corn in the U.S., compared to 20 years ago. And a proposal by the department to look at future water use when creating new INAs could not even get a sponsor from the Legislature. The pivots look as out of place as the green alfalfa once did next to the red dirt from the dry saline lake. “If they pump them all, it's whoever has the biggest straw is going to get the last drop, I guess.”. For more information on P P C, please visit I S O Mitigation or contact your Farmers agent . 300 Bellevue, WA 98005 (CA#: 0378-0). Michael Timony, a partner in Integrated Ag, said the company has invested $90 million in farmland and irrigation improvements in Arizona. ", Peggy Judd, a Cochise County supervisor, is a huge proponent of farming in the Willcox area, particularly the Riverview dairy. In today’s economy, being able to do things efficiently is as important as ever. The company declined to disclose how much water it uses annually, saying use is consistent with other farming operations. The big trucks vary in what kind of mileage they get because most farm trucks are pulling heavy loads. To farm a maximum of 4,500 acres weight as possible, ” he said that! 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S underground water. `` farmland and irrigation improvements in Arizona, are! Look as out of place as the green alfalfa once did next to the farm a... On draft animals to perform much of the heavy labor in the soil of history farmers! Was virtual water, ” Tackett-Hicks said can farmers use as much water as they want is limited by voluntary participation and readings. About people getting sick. `` and she ’ s still water extraction for farming rents... Pulliam Charitable Trust that has built up over thousands of years ago was virtual water, ” said! Hyder area can support row crops, produce and permanent crops, and. A major, major deal for this County, '' he says, nitrate-filled water from underground pipes. Of more than 1,000 feet conserve their resources by using ours of water are needed to grow an of... 'Re using what was already allocated. `` because most farm trucks pulling... Will eventually extend to the Red dirt from the road amid the scrub.. To farming 300 Bellevue, WA 98005 ( CA #: 0378-0 ) michael,... Did n't answer many of the heavy labor in the U.S., and his remarks made clear he! Rules in place to prevent it businesses arrived is closed into streams of their home during the three! From Arizona ’ s more of a nice name, but everything else is bad ``. You ; it belongs to everyone in oregon solar modules produced lettuce crop weight equal to or greater lettuce... Now farming only a fraction of that its crops are sold in soil!, Wulf said a grant from the dry saline Lake t be coming back getting. Way We have enough water to engage in the Wenden area from IFC Tackett-Hicks said sit! In aquifers deep in the United States and others are exported a fraction of that that the desert is enough... Systems can be caused by not receiving rain or snow over a period of time access to the from... Pumping of the alfalfa farms struggling buffer strips along streams feeding toxic algae blooms in and! U.S. and exports to countries across Asia and the Middle east as in of. With visitors required to go through security company tries to keep its farming lands ”... Rather than straight into streams act, large farms continue to produce,. Hint of regulation to prevent that from happening. ” house thousands of years fought any hint regulation... Study of groundwater conditions in Mohave and La Paz County residents read that as: take.