14. For the feasts of the saints proclaim the wonderful works of Christ in His servants, and display to the faithful fitting examples for their imitation. It said the laity should influence their surroundings with Christ’s teachings. 1-3: Condlium Tridentinum. Secret of the ninth Sunday after Pentecost. In certain parts of the world, especially mission lands, there are peoples who have their own musical traditions, and these play a great part in their religious and social life. Ordinaries, by the encouragement and favor they show to art which is truly sacred, should strive after noble beauty rather than mere sumptuous display. It said missionary activity should help the social and economic welfare of people and not force anyone to accept the faith. But the Church approves of all forms of true art having the needed qualities, and admits them into divine worship. "Let there be no false opposition between professional and social activities on the one part, and religious life on the other." The work of revising the psalter, already happily begun, is to be finished as soon as possible, and is to take into account the style of Christian Latin, the liturgical use of psalms, also when sung, and the entire tradition of the Latin Church. For that reason, on the very day of Pentecost, when the Church appeared before the world, "those who received the word" of Peter "were baptized." II, n. 6. For the work in which they labor will effect nothing and bring forth no fruit except by the power of the Lord who said: "Without me you can do nothing" (John 15: 5). Also the general laws governing the structure and meaning of the liturgy must be studied in conjunction with the experience derived from recent liturgical reforms and from the indults conceded to various places. Christ Jesus, high priest of the new and eternal covenant, taking human nature, introduced into this earthly exile that hymn which is sung throughout all ages in the halls of heaven. Council of Trent, Session XXII, Doctrine on the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass, c. 2. In fact, the Church has, with good reason, always reserved to herself the right to pass judgment upon the arts, deciding which of the works of artists are in accordance with faith, piety, and cherished traditional laws, and thereby fitted for sacred use. Declaration on the Relationship of the Church to Non-Christian Religions. Apart from these instances, no special honors are to be paid in the liturgy to any private persons or classes of persons, whether in the ceremonies or by external display. Thus not only when things are read "which were written for our instruction" (Rom. This principle is to apply also in the matter of sacred vestments and ornaments. Thus by baptism men are plunged into the paschal mystery of Christ: they die with Him, are buried with Him, and rise with Him (16); they receive the spirit of adoption as sons "in which we cry: Abba, Father" ( Rom. For on this day Christ's faithful are bound to come together into one place so that; by hearing the word of God and taking part in the eucharist, they may call to mind the passion, the resurrection and the glorification of the Lord Jesus, and may thank God who "has begotten them again, through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, unto a living hope" (1 Pet. Clerics not bound to office in choir, if they are in major orders, are bound to pray the entire office every day, either in common or individually, as laid down in Art. The Church is His beloved Bride who calls to her Lord, and through Him offers worship to the Eternal Father. 63, new sacramentals may also be added as the need for these becomes apparent. From that time onwards the Church has never failed to come together to celebrate the paschal mystery: reading those things "which were in all the scriptures concerning him" (Luke 24:27), celebrating the eucharist in which "the victory and triumph of his death are again made present" (19), and at the same time giving thanks "to God for his unspeakable gift" (2 Cor. The mission of this website is to promote and explain the teaching of the Second Vatican Council (1962-65) which was the most significant event in the modern era of the Catholic Church. 1. | Irondale, AL 35210 |. Let provision be made that some sacramentals, at least in special circumstances and at the discretion of the ordinary, may be administered by qualified lay persons. In this way a more representative portion of the holy scriptures will be read to the people in the course of a prescribed number of years. Authored By: Second Vatican Council. I. Cf. 64. But other instruments also may be admitted for use in divine worship, with the knowledge and consent of the competent territorial authority, as laid down in Art. Among these principles and norms there are some which can and should be applied both to the Roman rite and also to all the other rites. Though he was beatified last year on September 3rd in a balance of Traditionalist (Pio Nono) and Liberals, make no mistake John XXIII was a liberal. Unitatis Redintegratio, Decree On Ecumenism. Accordingly the sacred Council has seen fit to decree as follows. Taken together, the documents of Vatican II offer a sweeping agenda for updating Catholicism (aggiornamento) by means of a return to the sources of Christian faith and practice (ressourcement). He joins the entire community of mankind to Himself, associating it with His own singing of this canticle of divine praise. And the people reply to God both by song and prayer. Composers, filled with the Christian spirit, should feel that their vocation is to cultivate sacred music and increase its store of treasures. Bishops should have a special concern for artists, so as to imbue them with the spirit of sacred art and of the sacred liturgy. For this purpose the rites are to be simplified, due care being taken to preserve their substance; elements which, with the passage of time, came to be duplicated, or were added with but little advantage, are now to be discarded; other elements which have suffered injury through accidents of history are now to be restored to the vigor which they had in the days of the holy Fathers, as may seem useful or necessary. During their philosophical and theological studies, clerics are to be taught about the history and development of sacred art, and about the sound principles governing the production of its works. But because it is impossible for the bishop always and everywhere to preside over the whole flock in his Church, he cannot do other than establish lesser groupings of the faithful. Pope John XXIII started Vatican II in 1962 and it lasted until 1965, when Pope Paul VI ended it. The practice of penance should be fostered in ways that are possible in our own times and in different regions, and according to the circumstances of the faithful; it should be encouraged by the authorities mentioned in Art. Consequently they must all be deeply imbued with the spirit of the liturgy, each in his own measure, and they must be trained to perform their functions in a correct and orderly manner. 54. The musical tradition of the universal Church is a treasure of inestimable value, greater even than that of any other art. He was also full of love, tremendous love for â¦ d) The hour of Prime is to be suppressed. Here are the 16 documents approved by the Second Vatican Council and their dates of promulgation: Constitution on the Sacred Liturgy âSacrosanctum Concilium,â Dec. 4, 1963. 56. Religious profession should preferably be made within the Mass. Moreover, other professors, while striving to expound the mystery of Christ and the history of salvation from the angle proper to each of their own subjects, must nevertheless do so in a way which will clearly bring out the connection between their subjects and the liturgy, as also the unity which underlies all priestly training. VATICAN COUNCIL, THE SECOND These same documents in numerous other languages are available on this Vatican webpage: Documents of the Second Vatican Council Pope John XXIIIâs Address to â¦ Therefore liturgical services pertain to the whole body of the Church; they manifest it and have effects upon it; but they concern the individual members of the Church in different ways, according to their differing rank, office, and actual participation. Nevertheless steps should be taken so that the faithful may also be able to say or to sing together in Latin those parts of the Ordinary of the Mass which pertain to them. The study aimed to examine the factors that predicted bishops' votes at the Second Vatican Council, or Vatican II. 77. To whatever extent may seem desirable, the hymns are to be restored to their original form, and whatever smacks of mythology or ill accords with Christian piety is to be removed or changed. We have an extra reading since Vatican II. 5. 45. b) Cathedral or collegiate chapters are bound to recite those parts of the office imposed on them by general or particular law. To promote active participation, the people should be encouraged to take part by means of acclamations, responses, psalmody, antiphons, and songs, as well as by actions, gestures, and bodily attitudes. Listed in the order in which they were promulgated: 1. Donald Sanborn dismantles the Chief Errors of the Second Vatican Council (1962-65) Album / Alamy Stock Photo The Modernist monstrosity known as the Second Ecumenical Council of the Vatican opened on October 11, 1962, and officially closed on December 8, 1965, almost exactlyâ¦ 60. 38. By tradition going back to early Christian times, the divine office is devised so that the whole course of the day and night is made holy by the praises of God. 40 of this Constitution is to be observed. C) Norms based upon the didactic and pastoral nature of the Liturgy. Sacred scripture is of the greatest importance in the celebration of the liturgy. Approved 2,344 to 6 and promulgated by Pope Paul VI on 18 November 1965. 28 and 30. It is desirable also to found higher institutes of sacred music whenever this can be done. II. 50. 36. 22, 2, must, in this matter, carefully and prudently consider which elements from the traditions and culture of individual peoples might appropriately be admitted into divine worship. 34. Every week, on the day which she has called the Lord's day, she keeps the memory of the Lord's resurrection, which she also celebrates once in the year, together with His blessed passion, in the most solemn festival of Easter. Approved 2,151 to 5 and promulgated by Pope Paul VI on 21 November 1964. In some places and circumstances, however, an even more radical adaptation of the liturgy is needed, and this entails greater difficulties. Nevertheless their number should be moderate and their relative positions should reflect right order. There are four major documents in Vatican II, called âConstitutionsâ. The wonderful works of God among the people of the Old Testament were but a prelude to the work of Christ the Lord in redeeming mankind and giving perfect glory to God. He did this in order to perpetuate the sacrifice of the Cross throughout the centuries until He should come again, and so to entrust to His beloved spouse, the Church, a memorial of His death and resurrection: a sacrament of love, a sign of unity, a bond of charity (36), a paschal banquet in which Christ is eaten, the mind is filled with grace, and a pledge of future glory is given to us (37). 96. For the liturgy, "through which the work of our redemption is accomplished," (1) most of all in the divine sacrifice of the eucharist, is the outstanding means whereby the faithful may express in their lives, and manifest to others, the mystery of Christ and the real nature of the true Church. 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