The earliest world maps date back to the 9th century BC in ancient Babylon. The accuracy exhibited in the Tabula Rogeriana was remarkable considering the ancient technology employed by Al-Idrisi. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, The Founding Fathers of Ancient Geography. Eratosthenes used the word Geography First. Sir Halford Mackinder (1861–1947) – co-founder of the LSE , Geographical Association . Eratosthenes of Cyrene (c. 276 BCE–192 or 194 BCE) was an ancient Greek mathematician, poet, and astronomer who is known as the father of geography. Types Of Crimes By Number Of Offenses In The US. Continental Europe and the Mediterranean were well defined in Strabo’s map. This measurement was used for hundreds of years and was even studied by Christopher Columbus 17 centuries after the death of Eratosthenes. The geographer used his knowledge of the earth, which he obtained from the mapping studies done by professionals before him, to come up with a map of the world in his publication “Geographika.” The book introduced the term “geography” to the world. Father of Geography? He calculated the circumference on his own and obtained a figure of 18,000 miles—about 7,000 miles too short. The Ancient Calculator - Eratosthenes of Cyrene (ancient Greek/Roman city on Med Sea coast of Libya today) created the study of geography at the Library of Alexandria What did Eratosthenes (using math & geometry & astronomy) contribute to geography & science? The catalog was made up of 48-star constellations that were visible to the pre-modern astronomer. Charles Darwin described him as "the greatest scientific traveler who ever lived." The geographer died in 194 BC but left behind a collection of books, many of which were lost during the Destruction of the Alexandria Library. The works of Strabo were influenced by earlier Greek scholars such as Hipparchus and Eratosthenes, with Strabo citing the two in his publications. The word has been derived from two Greek words geo (earth) and graphos (description). William Morris Davis (1850–1934) – father of American geography and developer of the cycle of erosion. The geographer died in 1165 in his ancestral town of Ceuta at the age of 64 or 65 years. Geographer George Chisholm wrote the first textbook on economic georgaphy and is credited as the father … According to most scholars, Eratosthenes is known as the father of Geography because he is considered to have been the first person to use the word 'Geography'. Eratosthenes is generally considered as the father of Geography. This page shows answers for question: Who is the father of physical geography?. He was educated at the academies of Athens and in 245 BCE, after earning attention for his skills, he was invited by Pharaoh Ptolemy III to run the Great Library at Alexandria in Egypt. Eratosthenes was one of the greatest Greek polymaths, and his work influenced later innovators in fields ranging from mathematics to geography. Born in Cyrene, in what is now Libya, in 276 B.C., Eratosthenes grew up curious and went to Athens to learn more about the world around him. Born: c. 276 BCE in Cyrene (present-day Libya) Died: 192 or 196 BCE in Alexandria, Egypt For Exam Purposes Please do not confuse. Among his other many accomplishments were the creation of the first map of the world and the invention of an algorithm known as the sieve of Eratosthenes, which is used to identify prime numbers. RIP: The “Father of Geography of Ethiopia” passed away. John Francon Williams (1854–1911) - author of The Geography of the Oceans . During the Middle Ages, most scholars accepted Eratosthenes' circumference, though Christopher Columbus used Posidonius' measurement to convince his supporters that he could quickly reach Asia by sailing west from Europe. Through maps and activities, children gain a thorough knowledge of each continent. Your child will learn about the rivers and lakes, mountains and deserts, products and resources, climate and people of each continent around the globe. The “Father of Geography of Ethiopia” passed away. Al-Idrisi would later move to Palermo, Sicily under King Roger II. He was also the first to use the word geography. William Morris Davis (February 12, 1850 – February 5, 1934) was an American geographer, geologist, geomorphologist, and meteorologist, often called the "father of American geography". Strabo’s best-known work was his “Geographical” publication in which he drew a relatively accurate map of the world as it was known to him. The map is known as the “Tabula Rogeriana,” was based on navigation information from Islamic merchants and earlier Islamic maps. He made several significant contributions to science, including the discovery that a year is slightly longer than 365 days, requiring an extra day—or leap day—be added to the calendar every four years to keep it consistent. While serving as the head librarian and scholar at the Library of Alexandria, Eratosthenes wrote a comprehensive treatise about the world, which he called "Geography." Eratosthenes is believed to have been born in 276 BC in Cyrene and was the chief librarian at the Library of Alexandria. A crater on the Moon was named in his honor. Father of geography Eratosthenes FatherAlexander von Humboldt (1769–1859) – considered father of modern geography, published Cosmos and founder of the sub-field biogeography. Eratosthenes was born around 276 BCE in a Greek colony in Cyrene, a territory located in present-day Libya. Fast Facts: Eratosthenes Known For: Eratosthenes was a Greek polymath who became known as the father of geography. This method became known as the sieve of Eratosthenes, as it works by filtering out the non-prime numbers in the same way that a sieve filters solids out of liquids. Carl Ritter (1779–1859) – considered father of modern geography, occupied the first chair of geography … In addition to being a mathematician and geographer, Eratosthenes was also a very gifted philosopher, poet, astronomer, and music theorist. Eratosthenes' most famous contribution to science was his calculation of the circumference of the Earth, which he completed while working on the second volume of his "Geography.". Who Are The Founding Fathers Of The European Union? Rate and follow … Knowing that the Earth was a sphere, he needed only two critical measurements to calculate the circumference. After hearing about a deep well at Syene (near the Tropic of Cancer and modern-day Aswan) where sunlight only struck the bottom of the well on the summer solstice, Eratosthenes worked out a method by which he could calculate the circumference of the Earth using basic geometry. He was the first to use the word geography, employing it in a now-lost work titled Geographika. This discussion on Father of geography ? What is Geography? However, these maps were basic regional maps and were laden with errors and exaggerations. As one of the founding fathers of ancient geography, Ptolemy is credited with the book “Geographia.” In the book, the geographer exercised the concept of segmenting the globe using a grid of longitudes and latitudes. The third contained a map of the world in which the land was divided into different countries; it is one of the earliest examples of political geography. Admirers of the Greek thinker called him Pentathlos, after the Greek athletes known for their prowess in a number of different events. The father of modern geography was Carl Ritter who was the main founder of sub-field bio-geography and was also into the chair person of Berlin university. Another founding father of the discipline of geography was Strabo, a 1st Century CE Greek scholar who lived in the Amaseia in modern-day Turkey. By Joseph Kiprop on May 14 2018 in Society. The Questions and Answers of Father of geography ? Hiccatius is often called Father of Geography. His father was a physician and when he died his widow lacked any means of support for her family of five. He was really the first to view nature holistically... See full answer below. The term geography was first coined by Eratosthenese, a Greek scholar (276¬194 BC.). In his old age, Eratosthenes became blind and he died of self-induced starvation in either 192 or 196 BCE in Alexandria, Egypt. Herodotus is called father of historical geography. And i also hop that you enjoy this blog post because you get here both father of Geography as well as fathers in different branches of Geography. Yohannes AberraOctober 1, 2020 Last July I sent the manuscript of my book on the Geography of Ethiopia, written for the first time in Amharic, to Professor Mesfin Woldemariam to review it and give me his blessings. In fact, Eratosthenes is said to have invented the word “geography” along with other geographical terms. The geographer is believed to have been born in 100 AD in Egypt. He worked as a chief librarian at the Library of Alexandria for his way of learning. Eratosthenes is known as father of systematic geography, proposed the word 'Geography' first. Dr. Yohannes Aberra. Strabo’s best-known work was his “Geographical” publication in which he drew a relatively accurate map of the world as it was known to him. The “Father of Geography of Ethiopia” passed away RIP: The “Father of Geography of Ethiopia” passed awayDr. Eratosthenes' work introduced the concepts of torrid, temperate, and frigid climate zones. Strabo was born to an affluent family from Amaseia in Pontus (in present-day Turkey) in around 64 BC. The works of this geographer became the foundations of the study of geography. Life. The map was drawn in 1154 and is the first to show the whole of Eurasia and part of North Africa. He is a great mathematician, geographer, poet, astronomer, and music theorist. The first book of "Geography" contained a summary of existing geographical work and Eratosthenes' speculations about the nature of the planet Earth. Had he used Eratosthenes' figure instead, Columbus would have known he was not yet in Asia when he landed in the New World. Who was/is considered the ancient father of the study of geography? He is widely respected as one of the founders of modern geography. But many of them also consider Hiccatius as the Father of Geography. The geographer used the length of the shadows at noon and the sun’s rays to come up with a formula that enabled him to calculate the earth’s circumference which according to him was 27,402 miles. Eratosthenes is known as father of systematic geography, proposed the word 'Geography' first. Eratosthenes was a Greek expert in many disciplines, including astronomy, geography, and mathematics. The geographer’s ancestors forcefully settled in Ceuta after the Zirids of Granada defeated Hammudid Malaga. Geography, the study of the diverse environments, places, and spaces of Earth’s surface and their interactions. Continental Europe and the Mediterranean were well defined in Strabo’s map. Like, Comment, Share & Subscribe our Channel اردو+हिंदी #Geography #FatherOfGeo #BranchesOfGeo Eratosthenes was the first person to use the word "geography" and other geographical terms that are still in use today, and his efforts to calculate the circumference of the Earth and the distance from the Earth to the Sun paved the way for our modern understanding of the cosmos. The book was among the first to outline the study of geography in history. As we now know, this was a critical error on Columbus' part. Find right answer with solution and explaination of asked question. Title page from Isaac Casaubon 's 1620 edition of Geographica. is done on EduRev Study Group by Personal Skills Students. He then measured the angle of the shadow in Alexandria on the solstice. His family had been involved in politics since at least the reign of Mithridates V. Strabo was related to Dorylaeus on his mother's side. The map was used for hundreds of years after his death, with prominent explorers of later years such as Vasco da Gama and Christopher Columbus using the map for navigation. Aug 8, 2018 - Resources to go along with teaching from the book "Geography From A to Z" (http://amzn.to/2xH441o) written by Jack Knowlton. Unlike Eratosthenes, Strabo was well-traveled and had visited Kush and Egypt, and had journeyed as far as Ethiopia and Asia Minor. The book was among the first to outline the study of geography in history. By taking the angle of the shadow (7.2 degrees) and dividing it into the 360 degrees of a circle (360 divided by 7.2 yields 50), Eratosthenes could then multiply the distance between Alexandria and Syene by the result to determine the circumference of the Earth. The geographer was born in 1100 AD in Ceuta, a town which was then under Almoravids, to a family that claimed to be direct descendants of Prophet Muhammad. The father of physical geography is widely considered to be Alexander von Humboldt (1769 - 1859). Al-Idrisi was a 12th-century Arabic geographer, who was best known for one of the most accurate geographical maps of the ancient world. Ptolemy’s model was the forerunner of modern map-making as it also measured latitudes from the “climata,” the word he gave for the equator. A few decades later, the Greek geographer Posidonius insisted that Eratosthenes' circumference was too large. Hiccatius is often called Father of Geography. Many of Ptolemy’s works inspired younger geographers and were used for many centuries after his death. Remarkably, Eratosthenes determined the circumference to be 25,000 miles, just 99 miles over the actual circumference at the equator (24,901 miles). Besides, the geographer also published a book entitled, “Kitab nuzhat al-Mushtaq fi’khtiraq al-‘afaq,” in which he outlined geographic information about the world. until only the prime numbers remained. Herodotus is called father of historical geography. Professor Mesfin Woldemariam. Al-Idrisi credited Claudius Ptolemy for the geographical coordinates used in his publication. He lived to be about 80 to 84 years old. Eratosthenes was a Greek mathematician, geographer, astronomer, and poet long before geography became a thing. Greece - Just like the “Father of Mathematics,” Archimedes, and the “Father of Philosophy,” Socrates, the “Father of Geography” came from Greece. The star catalog in the Almagest was based on a similar catalog by an earlier astronomer, Hipparchus. Branches of Geography? Alexander von Humboldt's travels, experiments, and knowledge transformed western science in the nineteenth century. However, four individuals are considered the founding fathers of ancient geography due to their contributions to the discipline; Eratosthenes, Strabo, Claudius Ptolemy, and Muhammad al-Idrisi. A noted polymath, Eratosthenes also made notable contributions to the field of mathematics, including the invention of an algorithm used to identify prime numbers. Some historians point Anaximander, a 4th century BC Greek scholar as the true founder of the study of geography. Eratosthenes is considered the Father of Geography. Ptolemy was a 1st century CE astronomer and geographer from the Roman Empire. Another founding father of the discipline of geography was Strabo, a 1st Century CE Greek scholar who lived in the Amaseia in modern-day Turkey. Ancient Arabic sources referred to Ptolemy as “Batlamyus” from Upper Egypt. and striking off the multiples of each prime, beginning with multiples of the number two, then multiples of the number three, etc. Though Eratosthenes' original "Geography" did not survive, modern scholars know what it contained thanks to reports by Greek and Roman historians. 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